Pinworms can be described as small white worms that are approximately an inch long. They are very thin (the size of a thread). Sometimes, pinworms can be seen either in or even around the bowel movements of a child, with even celebrities falling victim to them. The worms thrive inside the large intestine. Female adult pinworms crawl out of one’s rectal opening during the night time to lay eggs, usually, this is on the skin that surrounds the anus. This results in itching as well as scratching. It should be noted that pinworms sometimes access the vagina of female children and this results in itching.
Spread of infection
Whenever a child scratches, the tiny eggs of the pinworm get picked on the fingers before being transferred to the mouth. The result is that the infection re-occurs inside the intestine. Their eggs can be located on play areas, school, bed linens, toilet seats and house dust.
The following are tips on how to treat a pinworm infection:
• The doctor will prescribe the appropriate medicine for the infection.
• The caregiver of the child should ensure that he/she reads the label on the medicine bottle and administer it as directed by the doctor. Normally, the medicine is issued as a 1-time dose. Occasionally when symptoms persist, a doctor might instruct that the medicine be repeated in two to three weeks.
• A child who vomits shortly after he/she has taken medicine, should be given a similar amount after an hour. The doctor should be contacted if this continues.
• Other family members can also be treated with pinworm medicine.
• At home remedies also work. There are lots of different remedies you can use, and you can check out the Top 16 Effective and Fast Acting Home Remedies for Pinworms for more complete information.
There are also ointments and creams that can be applied to soothe itching skin located on the anal periphery.
The following are some effective ways of preventing pinworm infections:
• Handwashing is an important habit. Children and family members should wash their hands after using the toilet, before meals and every morning.
• The fingernails of children should be maintained short.
• Tie socks or mittens over the hands of children at night. This assists to prevent them from scratching and consequently getting the eggs of pinworms under their fingernails.
• It is advisable to put on one-piece pajamas at night.
• The rectal opening should be thoroughly be cleaned using soap and water following bowel movements. The use of clean paper towels and washcloths is highly encouraged.
• The toilet seat should be scrubbed on a daily basis using water and soap or disinfectant.
• The bed linen and clothes of children should be changed every day.
• Wash washcloths, towels and all clothing with detergent and in hot water daily.
• Properly vacuum floors and carpets.
• Scrub all the washable areas. Brush or vacuum upholstered furniture. The vacuum cleaner bag should be changed on a daily basis and properly sealed before being disposed.